The Council will hold a work session on April 21, 2021 at 5:30 PM to consider a request by a councilor to explore reducing to zero the minimum number of parking spaces required for new developments.
A new state law (H.B. 2001) requires that every Oregon city amend its development code to permit the construction of “middle housing” — duplexes, triplexes, quadplexes, townhomes, and cottage clusters —wherever detached single family homes are allowed. Bend’s staff is working on code amendments needed to comply with the law. One proposed change would eliminate the existing requirement for a minimum number of off-street parking spaces for duplexes, triplexes, and quads. The proposal is controversial, even among members of the stakeholder advisory group working with the staff on the code changes.
Councilor Melanie Kebler wants to go further and eliminate minimum off-street parking requirements for all developments. She argues that parking uses up space that could be devoted to more housing and that households without cars unfairly subsidize those with cars by having to pay for parking spaces they don’t need. She points to low income households, people with disabilities, and the elderly as among those prevented from accessing more affordable housing because they can’t find dwelling units without parking.
Off-street parking requirements have been eliminated in a few larger cities, generally in limited areas, such as those near public transit or downtown cores. Advocates make several claims about the rationale for the change, while critics counter with arguments against this experimental policy. (See Pros & Cons chart below.)
A study group of Bend neighborhood association land use chairs investigated both sides of the issue. They looked to cities that have reduced parking minimums for evidence documenting positive impacts on parking and on housing affordability and availability, but couldn’t find any actual data. At this stage, the movement to change city policies appears to be based on claims, rather than evidence. What they did find was evidence that reduced parking minimums increase the value of vacant land, which resulted in higher, not lower, housing prices. And, a parking assessment conducted for the City of Bend in 2017 concluded that cities that had eliminated parking minimums, “subsequently experienced developments that under-built parking to such a degree that parking capacity in neighborhoods and/or commercial districts became an issue.”
Resources reviewed by the study group and other information about parking standards can be found at DoesParkingMatter.com.
The City of Bend has made reductions in parking requirements since 2006. Policy #39 in the
Transportation System Plan adopted in 2020 calls for adjusting parking standards using a data-driven approach based on changes in behavior and parking demand over time. This approach is generally referred to as “right-sizing parking”. Both the State of Oregon and the City of Bend adopted this approach to balance supply and demand and avoid wasting land on unneeded parking spaces.
In the upcoming Council work session, staff will present information on the topic and the councilors can discuss it and direct the staff about possible next steps, such as drafting amendments to the Bend Development Code, which is where parking standards are set. The work session on parking requirements will be prior to the regular Council meeting on April 21st, starting at 5:30 PM. While open to the public, work sessions do not allow for pubic comments. Written comments can be emailed to email@example.com.
If you have an opinion on how the Council should approach this issue, please let them know. And, please complete the online community survey on parking requirements below.
Community Survey on Parking Requirements
A group of Bend neighborhood association land use chairs has been studying the issue of minimum off street parking requirements. Among the data missing from the dialog on this question is evidence of the community’s opinion on the proposed changes. In order to add to the information City Councilors have for their decision making, please complete a brief survey on the topic by clicking the blue button below.
Survey responses are needed by Sunday, April 11, 2021.
Link to survey: https://doesparkingmatter.com/survey/
10 pros & cons of eliminating o ff-street parking requirements
The City of Bend recently changed their software for building permits. Here is a link and information on how to find out details for new projects:
River Stone Lofts are coming soon.
See the link below for more information on the upcoming public meeting. The meeting info is:
Time, Date, and Location of Meeting:
The meeting will be held on Tuesday February 23, 2021 at 5:00 pm. The meeting will be held on-line meeting via ZOOM. To participate:
o Before the scheduled meeting date, sign up and download the Zoom application on your computer, tablet, or smart phone at zoom.us. Zoom allows you to sign up for free.
o To participate in the meeting at the scheduled time, type the following link into your web browser using the device with the downloaded Zoom application.
o You can also participate via telephone by calling into (253)2158782/MeetingID: 98770216632, however you will need to be on-line to view the visual presentation.
Hello! The parking benefit district is working on getting signs installed. Here is a link to all of the pertinent information: